5. Notice of Violation

A notice of violation is a formal, written notification of significant noncompliance and is sent with a cover letter. The notice of violation is issued for violations of law, regulations, permits, certifications, licenses or registrations that warrant legal action if not corrected. It alerts the violator that serious, potentially serious or repeated violations exist, and that the violator is or will be requested to take certain steps to address the violation. A notice of violation should not come as a surprise to a responsible party. Staff should make a reasonable effort to directly contact the responsible party in person or by telephone as part of the conference, conciliation and persuasion process before the notice of violation is issued. For some violations, an notice of violation may be required without earlier conference, conciliation and persuasion. In addition,
conference, conciliation and persuasion may not be possible for high priority violations if they are severe in nature and have the potential to adversely impact publc health or the environment.

Criteria for issuing notices of violation are determined by the programs, and and are at the end of this section. These criteria cover the majority of instances where notices of violation are to be issued; however if other situations arise that are not addressed here, consult the Compliance and Enforcement staff from the appropriate program to determine if a notice of violation or other action is warranted for the specific situation.

Notices of violation are generally not issued in the field. This is to provide an opportunity for quality assurance and review by supervisory staff, to avoid errors in legal citations and to ensure legibility. A notice of violation should cite all of the appropriate documented violations and be sent by certified mail, return receipt requested. Notices of violation documented through inspections, investigations or records reviews should be sent within 10 working days of the completion of the inspection or investigation, unless awaiting sample results or information from the facility. In situations where samples were collected, notices of violation should be sent within 10 days of receipt of the sample results.

Upon the issuance of a notice of violation the matter is normally transferred to the Compliance and Enforcement Section of the appropriate program (except for water) as an enforcement referral. Prior to referral, regional office staff should confer with other units in the office to determine if the facility or responsible party has compliance issues in other areas.  Where multi-media noncompliance exists, the proper enforcement sections should be consulted regarding a joint referral.    Program case managers should first discuss the case with the regional office staff or others who investigated and documented the violation and continue communication as needed as the case progresses. The office issuing the notice of violation will provide the receiving section sufficient background information on the violations to enable the section to proceed with effective and enforceable legal actions. This generally starts with a copy of the file beginning with the first evidence of a responsible party’s violations for as far back in time as the Department acquired knowledge about the violations.  Even file material pre-dating the time period spanning the statute of limitations (for most violations, penalties are usually recoverable for two years but more time may be allowed to compel compliance or seek due fees). Older file material should be included to the extent that it appears necessary to establish a pattern of noncompliance. The office issuing the notice of violation may also provide any recommendations regarding appropriate relief to mitigate the violation(s). The referring office may use the enforcement action request form to organize the package, or may also provide the information less formally, as specified by the program. The notice of violation and transfer are tracked in the Assistance, Compliance and Enforcement system, or ACE.

The issuance of a notice of violation does not signal the end of conference, conciliation and persuasion or compliance assistance. These remain integral components of the department’s approach to resolving noncompliance. As stronger compliance measures are used, staff must ensure the violator is aware of the problems and the department’s interest in assisting the violator in resolving them.

Where multimedia violations are present, the office issuing the notice of violation and initiating the referral must notify the Compliance and Enforcement Sections of each program whose laws and regulations were violated. This will help ensure appropriate coordination at the program level. whenever possible, the involved programs will work together in one coordinated enforcemnt action, although there are cases where this in not possible or prudent. The involved programs will decide which one will be in the lead on a coordinated enforcemnt action. Coordinated multimedia enforcement allows the violator to achieve compliance in all regulated environmental areas simultaneously, and improves the department’s effectiveness by reducing the level of effort to address violations.

Notices of violation are not warranted for noncompliance issues that are addressed in some form of enforceable order or permit schedule. If a facility has a schedule in place to remedy violations as part of their permit or if there is an enforceable order to address the violations, do not issue additional notices of violations for the same violations. New violations that occur at the same facility outside the scope of those already addressed in a permit or enforceable agreement should be handled in accord with the directions in this manual. Agreements or schedules negotiated locally by a regional office are not enforceable and are not sufficient to preclude issuance of subsequent notices of violation for the same noncompliance issues.

5.1 Air Pollution

Letter of Warning, Notice of Excess Emissions and Notice of Violation are used to document non-compliance.

On some occasions, simply notifying a person or facility of noncompliance can address very minor deviations, but these should be discussed with the Compliance/Enforcement Section chief prior to their use. A letter of warning (LOW) and/or noncompliance notifications should only be used in the case of a first time offense. Failure to respond appropriately to either an LOW or a noncompliance notification should result in the issuance of a notice of violation (NOV).  Some regional offices tend to call or send a follow-up letter prior to issuing an NOV.  Typically, any letters to a responsible party requesting or requiring compliance actions should contain a response deadline of 30 days or less, with extended deadlines being considered on a case by case basis. For any issue requiring the Air Pollution Control Program (APCP) to initiate enforcement action, the NOV or NOEE packet must contain the Enforcement Action Request (EAR).

Appropriate use of a Letter of Warning
Permits
Emission Inventory Questionnaires and Emission Fees

Emission inventory questionnaires and fees are due by June 1 of each year. Shortly after the deadline, the Air Pollution Control Program’s Emission Inventory Unit will initiate direct contact with those entities that have failed to submit the questionnaires and fees and attempt to obtain the needed information and fees. After approximately 45 days, the Emission Inventory Unit will submit a list of those sources in noncompliance to the Compliance and Enforcement Section. Sources that do not have a previous instance of noncompliance will be required to submit the emission inventory questionnaires and fees within 30 days. Failure to comply will result in the Compliance and Enforcement Section issuing an NOV. Sources with a previous instance of noncompliance are knowledgeable of the requirements and will, in most circumstances, be issued an NOV by the Compliance and Enforcement Section. These issues may be addressed by conducting an inspection, in which case the regional office will have, in most cases, consulted with the Compliance and Enforcement Section.

Open Burning

For relatively small amounts of material being burned, inspectors may use discretion in issuing an LOW for a first time offense. If it is a second offense or if the material being burned, despite the amount, creates the potential for a public health hazard or results in highly toxic emissions, the inspector should issue an NOV.  Because of the complexity of some open burning cases, the regional office may contact the Air Pollution Control Program for guidance at any time.

Asbestos
Notice of Excess Emissions

A Notice of Excess Emissions (NOEE) should be issued in cases where an actual emission in excess of the allowable limits is observed by an inspector, which includes observations in records or notifications from the facility. For example, odor, fugitive dust and opacity exceedences should result in the issuance of a notice of excess emissions. Additionally, some calculated emission exceedences can be dealt with via a notice of excess emissions, but these instances should be discussed with the Compliance/Enforcement Section Chief. 

For all NOEE’s resulting from either an inspection or a concern investigation, a report, as described in Appendix A - Guide for Writing an Inspection Report, located in Chapter 3 of the Operations Manual must be compiled and submitted to the Air Pollution Control Program and the responsible party.  Any photographs not already included in the inspection form, NOV form, Concern form, or other form requiring a signature from the photographer must be inserted in a format as described in Appendix C – Photo Template and signed or initialed by the person that took the photograph.  The EAR must also be filled out and accompany the referral packet to the Compliance/Enforcement Section.

Minor infractions of Stage II vapor recovery requirements for the St. Louis metropolitan area contained in Missouri State Rule 10 CSR 10‐5.220 may be dealt with via an NOEE.

Notice of Violation

A notice of violation should be issued for all infractions except for those covered under the LOW and NOEE categories. As this policy relates to federal regulations, NOEE’s may be issued for emission related violations. LOW’s may be appropriate for minor infractions of federal regulations (except for asbestos) provided they are discussed with the Compliance/ Enforcement Section Chief prior to issuance. This is due to the compliance and enforcement agreement with EPA that requires certain responses to noncompliance.

In addition, the Air Pollution Control Program may issue or request the Regional Office to issue an NOV instead of an LOW to first time violators in situations of extreme circumstances. Guidance for citations and related enforcement action recommendations is available:  APCP Citation Guide and the Stage I/II Vapor Recovery Defect and Enforcement.

For all NOV’s resulting from an inspection, a report, as described in Appendix A - Guide for Writing an Inspection Report located in Chapter 3 of the Operations Manual must be compiled and submitted to the Air Pollution Control Program and the responsible party.  All photographs must be labeled with the date and location where it was taken.  Specifics must be added to the description that will explain the purpose of the photograph.  Any photographs not already included in the inspection form, NOV form, Concern form, or other form requiring a signature from the photographer must be inserted in a format as described in Appendix C – Photo Template and signed or initialed by the person that took the photograph.  As regional office staff have been trained by the department and are aware of the investigative and documentary needs of the Air Pollution Control Program, in those cases where an NOV is issued in response to a report from a fire department, police department, or other applicable entity, the regional office will need to conduct an investigation.  That investigation may or may not require a site visit.  Should regional office staff not conduct an investigation, fail to take photographs or fail to receive labeled photographs from the referring agency, the Air Pollution Control Program may need to issue an LOW in place of elevated follow up enforcement action.  After a review of the documentation, the Air Pollution Control may request a more detailed follow up investigation or additional information from the regional office.

For any issue requiring the APCP to initiate enforcement action, the NOV or NOEE packet must contain the EAR.  The form is available from the Air Pollution Control Program and is a checklist to ensure all the information necessary is provided with the referral packet.  The EAR is also the cover transmittal sheet for the referral packet and, depending on Regional Office procedures, may contain information needed as evidence in an enforcement case.  The EAR does not need to be sent to the responsible party with the NOV and report but can be provided to the responsible party upon request to the case manager.  

Additional Comments:  For LOW’s, NOEE’s and NOV’s issued for reasons not discovered during an inspection or investigation (i.e. Emission Inventory Questionnaires, Annual Compliance Certifications, Semiannual Monitoring Reports and expired permits), a report may not be required.

5.2 Drinking Water

Criteria for Issuing Notices of Violation

5.3 Hazardous Waste

Criteria for Issuing Notices of Violations

For hazardous waste facilities, notices of violation are issued when a department representative observes high priority violations, acute violations or when a facility does not correct Class I violations. For underground storage tank facilities, notices of violation are issued when violations remain unresolved after a letter of warning is issued. A template notice of violation letter for the regional offices to transmit to the facility representative is in Section 5.A. If an incoming call is on overflowing sanitary sewers or bypassed sewage at a wastewater treatment plant, see Chapter 14 on SSO Procedures.

See the appendices for a list of Hazardous Waste citations with recommendations for LQGs and SQGs. Upon issuance of a notice of violation, the program will conduct follow‐up enforcement actions.

High Priority Violations would include:

Acute violations include:

5.4 Land Reclamation

Criteria for Issuing Notices of Violation
Industrial Minerals

Notices of violation may be issued by any properly trained and deemed qualified representative of the Land Reclamation Commission after approval by the program director who will decide if the violation fits the criteria for a significant violation or a minor violation. The law and regulations require the notice of violation be approved for issuance by the program director following the use of conference, conciliation and persuasion. Issuance is completed by certified mail or hand delivery to the mine site business address, or to a registered agent.

When an inspector detects a violation at a permitted mine site and subsequent to discussions concerning a recommendation to the program director, the following procedure is used to determine if an notice of violation will be prepared.

Minor Violations

The operator will receive a letter of warning in the form of an inspection report. In most instances the letter
will specify a 30 day period to achieve compliance. Minor violations include:

Significant Violations

Upon approval, the inspector will issue the operator a notice of violation for the following violations:

Operations without a permit that are in violation are subject to referral to the Attorney General’s Office by the program director, with a request for that office to obtain an injunction. The notice of violation must clearly and concisely state:

A notice of violation issued under the Land Reclamation Act is accompanied or followed by a proposed penalty assessment.

Coal

The Land Reclamation Commission is charged with enforcing the Surface Coal Mining Law. As such, per the law, Land Reclamation Commission staff issues all routine enforcement actions such as notices of violation, notices of delinquent reclamation, and cessation orders. Administrative enforcement actions are taken by the commission itself.

Notices of violation may be issued under the same criteria defined in the Industrial Minerals section above. In addition, the following enforcement tools may also be chosen if appropriate for the situation.

Notice of Delinquent Reclamation

A notice of delinquent reclamation is required to be issued when:

The following information shall be included:

Cessation Order

A cessation order is required to be issued when an inspector discovers a violation of the law, regulations, or
permit that has not been previously addressed that creates an imminent danger to the health or safety of
the public or is causing or can reasonably be expected to cause significant, imminent, environmental harm to
land, air, or water resources. A cessation order must be issued in writing and signed by the program director.
The following items shall be included:

Additionally, a cessation order must include the activity, operation or area that is being ceased and the grounds for cessation.

Failure to Abate Cessation Order

Another type of cessation order is a failure to abate cessation order. This is issued if the inspector discovers that a notice of violation issued at a previous inspection has not been abated within the required time frames. A failure to abate cessation order requires the same information as a cessation order. This is provided by attaching a copy of the unabated notice of violation. A failure to abate cessation order must be signed by the program director.

Metallic Minerals

Notices of violation may be issued by any properly trained and qualified representative of the Land Reclamation Program after approval by the department director or the program director. The director(s) will decide if the violation fits the criteria for a significant violation or a minor violation. The Metallic Minerals Waste Management Act requires the notice of violation be issued following the use of conference, conciliation and persuasion. Issuance is completed by certified mail or hand delivery to the mine site business address, or to a registered agent.

When an inspector detects a violation at a permitted waste management site, the following procedure is used to determine if a notice of violation will be prepared. This procedure is subsequent to discussions concerning a recommendation to the department or program director.

Minor Violations

Minor violations result in the operator being given a letter of warning in the form of an inspection report. The letter, in most instances, will specify a 30 day period to achieve compliance. Minor violations possess a small potential to harm the environment or human health or cause pollution, are not knowingly committed and are not defined by the EPA as other than minor.

Significant Violations

Significant violations shall be cause to issue an notice of violation after approval of the department or program director. Significant violations have caused, or have the potential to cause, a risk to human health or the environment or has caused or has the potential to cause pollution or was knowingly committed.

5.5 Solid Waste

Criteria for Issuing Notices of Violations

In addition to the general guidance regarding notices of violation, violations that warrant the prompt issuance of a notice of violation are detailed in 3.A Appendices ‐ Solid Waste Management Program’s high priority violation list. Please remember, though, that prior to the issuance of any notice of violation , concurrence from Solid Waste Management Program’s Compliance and Enforcement Section must be obtained. This should be accomplished by e‐mailing the Compliance and Enforcement section chief a summary of the situation, violation(s), and parties involved, with pictures and all other pertinent information necessary for the section chief to make a decision.

Once the section chief concurs with the issuance of a notice of violation, the issuing party must refer to 5A. Appendices ‐ Solid Waste Management Program’s Enforcement Referral Checklist for guidance as to what must be submitted to the Solid Waste Management Program’s Compliance and Enforcement Section. In order for the referral to be complete and the Solid Waste Management Program to initiate formal enforcement action, each of items on the checklist must be addressed. For questions regarding a referral, please contact the Solid Waste Management Program Compliance and Enforcement Section.

Guidance for citations and related enforcement action recommendations for sanitary landfills and processing facilities are available at:

If there is any question regarding whether a violation could be considered a criminal violation, contact the Solid Waste Management Program’s Compliance and Enforcement Section to discuss the situation before correspondence is sent to the responsible parties. If an notice of violation is not warranted for a violation, please refer to Chapter 4 of this manual.

5.6 Water

Water Pollution Control Branch Criteria for Issuing a Notice of Violation or Heightened Enforcement Response

Common Citation of the Missouri Clean Water Law and its Implementing Regulation

Guidance for Issuing Notices of Violations Related to General Criteria of the Water Quality Standards

Common Chapter 8 Violations and Other Unsatisfactory Features Documented During Water Pollution Inspections

Procedures for Tracking and Monitoring Ch. 8 Violations and Other Unsatisfactory Features in MoCWIS

Certain circumstances may not warrant the issuance of a letter of warning or a notice of violation even when violations are documented.  A letter of warning is not warranted if it is first-time violation of 10 CSR 20-8.020, 10 CSR 20-8.200, or violations of permit conditions that do not meet the requirements for issuing a letter of warning or a notice of violation.  If these violations are found, the inspector should mark the facility in noncompliance in MoCWIS and the inspection report.

The inspector should also:

Issuance of an inspection report with required actions, and tracked in MoCWIS as Inspection Report, Required Action, is an appropriate response for the following , and may be used when there is no impact or there is no imminent threat to the environment and public health or other significant noncompliance that meets the criteria found in Section 4.6 or this section.  These required actions will not affect regional compliance rates.

Domestic Wastewater Treatment Facilities

Responsible Parties of permitted facilities receiving primarily domestic waste shall be issued an inspection report with required actions, and tracked in MoCWIS as Inspection Report, Required Action, when one or more of the following criteria exist:

The issuance of a letter of warning (Chapter 4) is the appropriate first response for the above violations and may be used when there is no impact or there is no imminent threat to the environment and public health or other significant noncompliance that meets the criteria found in this section.

The purpose of this guidance is to provide staff with defined criteria for significant noncompliance with the Missouri Clean Water Law and its implementing regulation and to promote enforcement consistency through out the state. This guidance is not intended to restrict or otherwise direct as the only appropriate response when there is significant noncompliance. The regional offices retain discretion to deviate from this guidance to use its best judgment under extenuating circumstances.

The following paragraphs describe criteria for significant noncompliance that warrant the issuance of a notice of violation. The Water Pollution Control Branch will send sixty day letters to Major and 92‐500 facilities notifying the responsible parties they are in significant noncompliance if the facility has not been previously informed of the noncompliance by the regional office.

A notice of violation is not warranted for effluent violations identified during an inspection or file review if a facility has submitted and began to implement a Department-approved plan of action to address the violation(s), and is in compliance with the approved implementation schedule.

Domestic Waste Permitted Facilities

A notice of violation may be issued to a responsible party of permitted facilities receiving primarily domestic
waste without a prior course of conference conciliation and persuasion when:

The guidance below is based upon 40 CFR Chapter I Section 123.45(a)(2)(B)(ii),(iii), and Appendix A

    1. Based upon available records the discharge or activity results in the following conditions:
      Facilities with Monthly Reporting Requirements
      • Two or more violations of the applicable monthly average or the weekly average effluent limitation of a specific parameter at a given permitted outfall by a factor of 1.4 for Group I Pollutants and by a factor of 1.2 for Group II Pollutants, during a six consecutive month review period. For permitted effluent limitations that are below the minimum quantification level (ML) and specifically listed in the Missouri State Operating Permit any analytical value reported greater than or equal to the ML is a violation of the permit limitation. Values reported less than (<) the ML will be considered in compliance with the permit limitation.
      • Two or more pH values that are outside the pH range of 5.0 to 10.0 or four or more pH values between 5.0 and 6.0 or 9.0 and 10.0 during a six consecutive month review period with the exception of lagoon systems, which may exceed the upper pH limit during the summer months due to biological activity.
      • Four or more violations of the applicable permitted monthly average effluent limitation or the weekly average effluent limitation of a specific parameter at a given outfall by any amount during a six consecutive month review period.
      • One or more monthly discharge monitoring reports are not submitted within 30 days of the due date during a six consecutive month review period and it can be clearly documented that the responsible party was informed at least once, in writing, of the requirement to submit timely and complete discharge monitoring reports.
      • Discharge monitoring reports submitted are incomplete and the missing data is for the same parameter(s) at a specific permitted outfall for two or more monthly reporting periods during a six consecutive month review period and it can be clearly documented the responsible party was informed at least once, in writing, of the requirement to submit the missing data.
        Facilities with Quarterly Reporting Requirements
      • One or more violations of the applicable monthly average or the weekly average effluent limitation of a specific parameter at a given permitted outfall by a factor of 1.4 for Group I Pollutants and by a factor of 1.2 for Group II Pollutants, during a two consecutive quarters. For permitted effluent limitations that are below the minimum quantification level and specifically listed in the Missouri State Operating Permit any analytical value reported greater than or equal to the minimum quantification level is a violation of the permit limitation. Values reported less than the minimum quantification level will be considered in compliance with the permit limitation.
      • One or more pH values that are outside the pH range of 5.0 to 10.0 or two pH values between 5.0 and 6.0 or 9.0 and 10.0,during a two consecutive quarters with the exception of lagoon systems, which may exceed the upper pH limit during the summer months due to biological activity.
      • Two violations of the applicable permitted monthly average effluent limitation or the weekly average effluent limitation of a specific parameter at a given outfall by any amount during a two consecutive quarters.
      • One or two discharge monitoring reports are not submitted within 30 days of the due date during two consecutive quarters and it can be clearly documented that the responsible party was informed at least once of the requirement to submit timely and complete discharge monitoring reports..
      • DMR(s) submitted are incomplete and the missing data is for the same parameter(s) at a specific permitted outfall for one quarterly reporting period and it can be clearly documented the responsible party was informed at least once of the requirement to submit the missing data. 5-10
        Facilities with Annual or Semi‐annual Reporting Requirements
      • Any violation of the applicable monthly average or the weekly average effluent limitation of a specific parameter at a given permitted outfall by a factor of 1.4 for Group I Pollutants and by a factor of 1.2 for Group II Pollutants, during the reporting period. For water effluent limitations that are below the minimum quantification level and specifically listed in the Missouri State Operating Permit any analytical value reported greater than or equal to the ML is a violation of the permit limitation. Values reported less than the ML will be considered in compliance with the permit limitation.
      • One or more pH values that are outside the pH range of 6.0 to 9.0 during the reporting period with the exception of lagoon systems, which may exceed the upper pH limit during the summer months due to biological activity.
        • The annual or a semi‐annual DMR is not submitted within 30 days of the due date and it can be clearly documented that the responsible party was informed at least once of the requirement to submit timely DMRs.
      • The annual or a semi‐annual DMR submitted is incomplete and the missing data is and it can be clearly documented the responsible party was informed at least once of the requirement to submit the missing data.
        All Domestic Waste Permitted Facilities
      • Other reports (annual inflow and infiltration, construction completion, pretreatment, annual, etc.) are not submitted within 30 days from the date specified in either an enforcement order, settlement agreement or the Missouri state operating permit and can be clearly documented that the responsible party was informed of the requirement to submit the report.
      • A responsible party has failed to start or complete construction and attain final compliance within 90 days from the date specified in the Missouri State Operating Permit

.Laboratory or field analysis of effluent sample(s) or available records the document that the discharge or activity grossly:

    • Exceeded the applicable permitted monthly or weekly average effluent limitation by a factor of 2.0 or more.
    • Exceeded the applicable permitted daily maximum effluent limitation by a factor of 1.2 or more.
    • Exceeded the applicable permitted daily minimum effluent limitation for dissolved oxygen by 20 percent or more.

  1. The following criteria determine if a NOV needs to be issued for non‐disinfecting or disinfecting facilities.
    • If a large exceedance (>20%) of a permit’s fecal coliform or E. coli limits is discovered then a notice of violation should be issued along with a schedule of compliance to install disinfection equipment if such equipment is not present.
    • For facilities that violate their fecal coliform or E. coli limits more than once for the same issue and have not installed disinfection equipment they should be issued a notice of violation and be put on a schedule of compliance to install the disinfection equipment needed to meet the limits within their
      permit.
    • If it is clear the facility cannot meet disinfection requirements, an NOV should be issued.
    1. The discharge or activity results in a violation of the Missouri Water Quality Standards general or specific criteria. See the Guidance for Issuing Notices of Violations Related to General Criteria of the Water Quality Standards.
    2. A responsible party of an approved Public Owned Treatment Works fails to implement its approved pretreatment program adequately including failure to enforce industrial pretreatment requirements on industrial users as required in the approved program.
    3. There is a discharge or release from an industry or institution which causes an interference with treatment processes or operation of the receiving treatment facility, or of its sludge handling and disposal processes, or passes through the treatment facility in quantities or concentrations which cause pollution or violates any condition of the applicable Missouri state operating permit or effluent regulation.
    4. A responsible party fails to submit an application to renew their Missouri state operating permit within 180 days prior to the expiration date and it can be clearly documented that the responsible party was informed of the requirement to submit an application for renewal.
    5. Bypassing and Sanitary Sewer Overflows of untreated or partially treated sewage is a violation of the Missouri Clean Water Law. It should be handled by conference, conciliation and persuasion, the issuance of a notice of violation and enforcement.

    Bypassing and sanitary sewer overflows (SSOs) of untreated or partially treated sewage is a violation of the Missouri Clean Water Law and a notice of violation shall be issued: 

        • If the bypass or SSO causes a violation of the water quality standards general or specific criteria.  If the bypass or SSO does not result in a fishkill, the regional office will consult with the compliance/enforcement section to determine if an EAR is appropriate.  If the bypass or SSO causes a fishkill the regional office will prepare an EAR and send the matter to the compliance/enforcement section. 
        • When it is clear that action is not being taken as needed by the facility to make corrections, then an NOV with an EAR is appropriate.  Best professional judgment must be used in making this decision. Refer to the Operations Manual Chapter 9 for additional guidance
        • In all other cases, the issuance of notices of violation will be left to the discretion of the regional office directors. Bypasses or overflows that have, or are likely to have, significant human health or environmental concerns are an example of overflows where a notice of violation should be issued.
Industrial Stormwater Permitted Sites

A notice of violation may be issued to responsible parties (owners or continuing authorities) of permitted industrial stormwater sites without a prior course of conference, conciliation and persuasion when:

The guidance below is based upon 40 CFR Chapter I Section 123.45(a)(2)(B)(ii),(iii), and Appendix A

  1. Based upon available records the discharge or activity results in the following conditions:
    Facilities with Monthly Reporting Requirements
    • Two or more violations of the applicable monthly average or the weekly average effluent limitation of a specific parameter at a given permitted outfall by a factor of 1.4 for Group I Pollutants and by a factor of 1.2 for Group II Pollutants, during a six consecutive month period. For permitted effluent limitations that are below the minimum quantification level and specifically listed in the Missouri State Operating Permit any analytical value reported greater than or equal to the ML is a violation of the permit limitation. Values reported less than the ML will be considered in compliance with the permit limitation.
    • Two or more pH values that are outside the pH range of 5.5 to 10.0 or four or more pH values between 5.5 and 6.5 or 9.0 and 10.0 during six consecutive month review.
    • Four or more violations of the applicable permitted monthly average effluent limitation or the weekly average effluent limitation of a specific parameter at a given outfall by any amount during a six consecutive month review period.
    • One or more monthly discharge monitoring reports are not submitted within 30 days of the due date during a six consecutive month period and it can be clearly documented that the responsible party was informed at least once of the requirement to submit timely and complete DMRs.
    • DMRs submitted are incomplete and the missing data is for the same parameter(s) at a specific permitted outfall for two or more monthly reporting periods during a six consecutive month review period and it can be clearly documented the responsible party was informed at least once of the requirement to submit the missing data.
      Facilities with Quarterly Reporting Requirements
    • One or more violations of the applicable monthly average or the weekly average effluent limitation of a specific parameter at a given permitted outfall by a factor of 1.4 for Group I Pollutants and by a factor of 1.2 for Group II Pollutants, during a six consecutive month review period. For permitted effluent limitations that are below the minimum quantification level and specifically listed in the Missouri State Operating Permit any analytical value reported greater than or equal to the ML is a violation of the permit limitation. Values reported less than the ML will be considered in compliance with the permit limitation.
    • One or more pH values outside the pH range of 5.5 to 10.0 or two or more pH values between 5.5 and 6.5 or 9.0 and 10.0 during a six consecutive month review.
    • Two violations of the applicable permitted monthly average effluent limitation or the weekly average effluent limitation of a specific parameter at a given outfall by any amount during a six consecutive month review period.
    • One or two discharge monitoring report are not submitted within 30 days of the due date during a six consecutive month review period and it can be clearly documented that the responsible party was informed at least once of the requirement to submit timely and complete DMRs.
    • DMRs submitted are incomplete and the missing data is for the same parameter(s) at a specific permitted outfall for one quarterly reporting period and it can be clearly documented the responsible party was informed at least once of the requirement to submit the missing data.
      Facilities with Annual or Semi‐annual Reporting Requirements
    • Any violation of the applicable monthly average or the weekly average effluent limitation of a specific parameter at a given permitted outfall by a factor of 1.4 for Group I Pollutants and by a factor of 1.2 for Group II Pollutants, during the review period. For permitted effluent limitations that are below the minimum quantification level (ML) and specifically listed in the Missouri State Operating Permit any analytical value reported greater than or equal to the ML is a violation of the permit limitation. Values reported less than (<) the ML will be considered in compliance with permit limitations.
    • One or more pH values that are outside the pH range of 6.5 to 9.0 during the review period.
    • The annual or a semi‐annual discharge monitoring report is not submitted within 30 days of the due date and it can be clearly documented that the responsible party was informed at least once of the requirement to submit timely discharge monitoring reports.
    • The annual or a semi‐annual discharge monitoring report submitted is incomplete and the missing data is for the same parameter(s) at a specific permitted outfall and it can be clearly documented the responsible party was informed at least once of the requirement to submit the missing data.
      All Facilities Industrial Stormwater Permitted sites
    • Other reports (annual inflow and infiltration, construction completion, pretreatment, annual, etc.) are not submitted within 30 days from the date specified in either an enforcement order, settlement agreement or the Missouri State Operating Permit and can be clearly documented that the responsible party was informed of the requirement to submit the report.
    • A responsible party has failed to start or complete construction and attain final compliance within 90 days from the date specified in the Missouri State Operating Permit.
    • Based on laboratory or field analysis of effluent sample(s) or available records the discharge or activity grossly:
      1. Exceeded the applicable monthly average effluent limitation by a factor of 2.0 or more.
      2. Exceeded the applicable permitted daily maximum effluent limitation by a factor of 1.2 or more.
      3. Exceeded the applicable permitted daily minimum effluent limitation for dissolved oxygen by 20
      percent or more.
    • Stormwater discharges from the site results in violations of the Missouri water quality standards, general or specific criteria. See the Guidance for Issuing Notices of Violations Related to General Criteria of the Water Quality Standards.
    • Adequate best management practices have not been implemented or maintained to prevent water contaminants from being carried off‐site by Stormwater as required by the Missouri state operating permit and the Stormwater pollution prevention plan.
    • Any discharge of a material (i.e. sewage, hazardous substances, petroleum products, wash and/or rinse waters from concrete trucks) to waters of the state other than Stormwater and non‐storm water discharges authorized by the Missouri state operating permit.
    • A responsible party fails to submit an application for renewal of its Missouri state operating permit within 180 days prior to the expiration date and it can be clearly documented that the responsible party was informed of the requirement to submit an application for renewal.

Land Disturbance Permitted Sites

Notices of violation may be issued to responsible parties of permitted land disturbance sites without a prior course of conference, conciliation and persuasion when:

Animal Feeding Operations and Concentrated Animal Feeding
Operations Permitted Sites

If a notice of violation is warranted for violations at a Class I Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation, or CAFO, regional office staff shall contact the Water Pollution Control Branch Compliance and Enforcement Section Chief to discuss the violation(s) prior to issuing a notice of violation. Responsible parties (owners or continuing authorities) of permitted animal feeding operations and CAFOs that operated under a letter of approval may be promptly issued a notice of violation without a prior course of conference, conciliation and persuasion when:

Facilities and Sites Operating Without a Permit

Responsible parties (owners and/or continuing authorities) of facilities and/or sites operating without a Missouri state operating permit shall be promptly issued a notice of violation without a prior course of conference, conciliation and persuasion when:

5.A Rescinding Notices of Violation and Letters of Warning (8/11)

On rare occasions, the department may rescind a notice of violation or a letter of warning.
After a NOV or LOW has been issued to a responsible party (owners and/or operators or continuing authorities) of a facility, the department may decide to rescind it for various reasons, including:

The facility or responsible party will be issued a letter rescinding an NOV or LOW and containing the following information. A copy of a template is attached.

Which Office Drafts Rescissions

Typically the office that issued an NOV or LOW will issue any rescission. However, upon mutual agreement, a NOV or LOW written by a Regional Offices may be rescinded by the Program Compliance and Enforcement Section.

Recessions should be coordinated between the Regional Office and the appropriate Program and vice‐versa.

Recordkeeping

Rescission letters will be directly attached to the NOV or LOW kept in paper files at the Regional Office and/or program office. The person signing the rescission will assure that all database entries (including ACE and/or MoCWIS) are updated in the comment field and NOV number field, if possible, to note the NOV or LOW was rescinded and the date of rescission. The date of rescission entered in the database should be the date the NOV or LOW was issued.

If EPA has records of the NOV or LOW, contact them and request that the record is either deleted or the rescission of the NOV/LOW is noted on the record.

5.B Forms

Notice of Violation (Word® Document)
Return to Compliance Letter (Word® Document)
APCP Citation Guide
APCP Stage I/II Vapor Recovery Defect and Enforcement
Enforcement Action Request (Word® Document)
Solid Waste Management Program’s Enforcement Referral Checklist
Escalation Policy
Significant Deficiency
Rescinding Letter (Word® Document)
HW Citation Guide (PDF)
PDW Citation Guide (PDF)
PDW Citations for Common Violations and Cross Reference of Federal and State Citations (PDF)

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