Hazardous Waste Program
Quality Analytical Services Inc.
EPA ID# MOD073027609
- Former Company Name: Industrial Services Corp (ISC), Radium Petro Co.
- Type of Facility: Interim Status Hazardous Waste Storage-closed.
- Wastes Handled: Petroleum-contaminated wastes, solvents and used oil.
- Treatment and Disposal Methods: Groundwater pump and treat.
- Location of hard copies of the Consent Order, reports, etc. and supporting documents:
Quality Analytical Services Inc. is conducting corrective action and performing long-term monitoring and maintenance of the above ground waste oil storage tanks and former tank farm area under an EPA Administrative Order on Consent for Corrective Action. The status of Quality Analytical's post-closure and corrective action activities are described below. The public can review and copy paper copies of all orders, reports and supporting documents at the agency locations above.
The Quality Analytical Services Inc. site is located on approximately 1 acre at 1633 Marsh Ave. in Blue Summit. In January 1958, a waste oil management facility began operating at the site and was later purchased by Radium Petroleum Co. in 1973. Deffenbaugh Industries purchased Radium Petroleum Co. in 1974. The facility continued to do business as Radium Petroleum Co. until the corporate name was changed to Industrial Service Corp. in January 1988. The facility’s name was changed to Quality Analytical Services in December 2000.
As a waste oil management facility, Radium and Industrial Service collected and transported used oil from service stations, railroads, retail auto dealers, farm implement companies, truck and car leasing companies and similar businesses. The used oil was mainly automotive and industrial used oils with lesser amounts of diesel, hydraulic and other miscellaneous oils. The company reprocessed the waste oil by removing the associated water and blending the processed oil with diesel to produce a marketable fuel. The resulting wastes was stored in tanks until sold as a fuel to industrial users. Used oil was the main waste stored on-site, along with diesel, hydraulic and other miscellaneous oils. Industrial Service stopped processing waste oil in 1996.
Post-Closure and Corrective Action Status
According to applicable state and federal hazardous waste laws and regulations, all hazardous waste treatment, storage and disposal facilities are required to investigate and clean up releases of hazardous waste and hazardous constituents to the environment at their facility resulting from present and past hazardous waste handling practices. During the mid-1980s, EPA performed a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, or RCRA, Facility Assessment for the site. The assessment was conducted to identify and gather information on potential or actual releases of hazardous waste and hazardous constituents to the environment. Several areas of petroleum-contaminated soil and groundwater were identified throughout the site that required additional investigation.
During the late-1980s and early-1990s, EPA and Industrial Service conducted several sampling events to determine the type and horizontal and vertical extent of petroleum contamination at the facility. The results were sufficient to indicate that the contamination had moved off-site. The main contaminants of concern are volatile organic compounds and metals.
In September 1994, Industrial Service Corp. voluntarily entered into an 3008(h) Corrective Action Administrative Order on Consent with EPA. Industrial Service began closing the waste oil processing areas in April 1998. Closure activities included decontaminating, dismantling and properly disposing of all above ground waste oil storage tanks from the former tank farm area and associated waste oil processing equipment. The contaminated soil and concrete was removed and properly disposed. The excavated area was backfilled and capped. A Notice of Land Use Restriction was filed with the Jackson County Recorder of Deeds in January 2001, for the capped area.
A lined groundwater interceptor trench was also installed parallel to Marsh Ave. to collect the contaminated groundwater. The remediation system was installed and the entire area was fenced. The department accepted Quality Analytical's, formerly Industrial Service, closure certification for the site in January 2002; because hazardous waste remained in place after closure, the area is also required to go through a period of post-closure care. Quality Analytical is currently conducting groundwater monitoring at the site twice a year as well as operating a groundwater pump and treat system to collect the contaminated groundwater. The facility investigation is still in progress. What, if any, corrective action, or cleanup, activities necessary will be based on the investigation results.
Radium/Industrial Service processed and stored the waste oil under the interim status portions of federal and state hazardous waste laws, 40 CFR Part 265 and 10 CSR 25-7.265. When Congress passed the hazardous waste federal law in 1980, all existing facilities that treated, stored or disposed of hazardous waste in a manner that would necessitate a hazardous waste permit were required to get such a permit. Because of the large number of existing facilities, Congress set up requirements which allowed these facilities to operate temporarily under “interim status” until they received their permit.
Radium submitted their original permit application in November 1980, with revisions submitted in September 1982, March 1983 and February 1985. Industrial Service, formerly Radium, decided not to continue the hazardous waste permitting process and close the waste oil processing area. Industrial Service is subject to corrective action because they completed closure of the interim status hazardous waste management units after the effective date of the federal Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments. Due to petroleum contamination at the facility and off-site, Industrial Service Corp. voluntarily entered into an Administrative Order on Consent for Corrective Action with EPA in September 1994, Docket No. VII-94-H-0024, because Missouri had not yet received final authorization for the corrective action portion of the federal hazardous waste law. The Order is still in effect.