Hazardous Waste Program

EBV Explosives Environmental Co.
dba General Dynamics-Ordnance and Tactical Systems, Munition Services

EPA ID# MOD985798164

DNR Contact:       Jaiyi "Jay" Liu , 573-751-3553 or 800-361-4827
EPA Contact:       Ken Herstowski, PE, 913-551-7631 or 800-223-0425
Facility Contact:   David R. Zoghby, 417-624-0212 ext 412
Last Updated:      Jan. 29, 2013

What’s New

Permit Application for Renewal Complete: On Oct. 18, 2012, EBV Explosives Environmental Co., doing business as General Dynamics-Ordnance and Tactical Systems, Munition Services, submitted a permit application to the department and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 7, to renew their existing Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit and Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments Part II Permit. The department is inviting the public to review and offer written comments about the permit renewal application while the department conducts a technical review of the permit application.

The public can review and copy the permit application and supporting documents at the Joplin Public Library, 300 S. Main St., Joplin (during normal business hours) or agency locations above. Comments about the permit application are more effective if they point out legal or technical issues. You may submit written comments online or send comments by mail to Jaiyi Liu, Missouri Department of Natural Resources, Hazardous Waste Program, P.O. Box 176, Jefferson City, MO 65102-0176.

Facility Description

The EBV Explosives Environmental Co. site is located on about 55 acres at 4174 County Road 180, approximately 3 miles east of Joplin and 4 miles southwest of Carthage. The property was originally owned by Atlas Powder Co. and part of a 1,800-acre site that included a chemicals and explosives manufacturing facility. Since 1910, the 1,800-acre site has operated as Atlas Powder Co., Atlas Chemical Industries, ICI and Atlas Environmental Services. The site was re-acquired by ICI Explosives USA Inc. in May 1990.

In 1994, ICI built an incineration complex and magazine storage area to treat explosive/reactive wastes on part of the 1,800-acre site that had not been developed or used to store explosives. At that time, the incineration complex was owned by ICI Explosives USA Inc., and operated by ICI Explosives Environmental Co., a subsidiary separate from ICI Explosives USA Inc. In 2001, ICI reorganized. ICI Explosives USA retained ownership of the chemicals and explosives manufacturing facility and changed its name to Expert Management Inc. ICI Explosives Environmental Co. became the owner of the incineration complex and changed its name to EBV Explosives Environmental Co. in April 2003. In 2009, EBV built a new entrance and office building north of the entrance they shared with Expert Management Inc., and changed the physical address from 3078 to 4174 County Road 180.

EBV, doing business as General Dynamics-Ordnance and Tactical Systems, Munitions Services, analyses, packages and treats various explosive/reactive hazardous wastes in its incinerator and Subpart X miscellaneous treatment units. The hazardous waste includes explosive/reactive wastes, off-specification and obsolete explosives and explosive devices, ammunition and propellants, munitions, fuses, detonators, pyrotechnics, pharmaceuticals containing nitroglycerin and materials contaminated with explosive/reactive wastes. The explosives manufacturing industry, government agencies, such as the Department of Defense, and several other manufacturing companies produce the explosive/reactive wastes.  General Dynamics operates two incinerators that thermally treat explosive devices and contaminated waste materials and 10 munition demilitarization units that treat submunitions from military munitions (Building #1) and Multiple Launch Rocket System rocket motors (Building #3).

The original incineration complex consisted of a rotary kiln incinerator and car bottom furnace incinerator. The rotary kiln is the main incinerator and designed for the sole purpose of treating explosive devices, including configured munitions and bulk explosives. The car bottom furnace is used occasionally to treat large, unusual or irregular shaped metal pieces and contaminated trash, such as rags, soiled uniforms, manufacturing wastes and packaging materials. Each incinerator has its own waste feeding system; however, exhaust gases from both incinerators are pulled into a shared secondary combustion chamber and air pollution control system.

On March 20, 2009, the department issued Part I Class 3 Permit Modifications to EBV, allowing the facility to construct Building #1 and install eight Subpart X miscellaneous treatment units for the demilitarization and treatment of M42/M46/M77 submunitions from Class 1.1 D military munitions. This building houses four demilitarization or disassembly lines able to process up to 500 pounds per hour per line. The disassembly of the submunitions contained in the munitions is not a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, or RCRA,-regulated activity; however, the treatment of the submunitions bodies and fuzes is RCRA-regulated. Four treatment chambers are used to deactivate the submunitions bodies and two pairs of static kilns are used to deactivate the fuzes. There is one air pollution control system that pulls the exhaust gases from the static kilns and two additional systems to pull the exhaust gases from the chambers.

On Aug. 20, 2009, the department issued Part I Class 3 Permit Modifications to EBV, allowing the facility to construct Building #3, one container storage unit (in Building #3) and install four Subpart X miscellaneous treatment units for the demilitarization and treatment of Class 1.3 D Multiple Launch Rocket System rocket motors. This building houses two demilitarization or disassembly lines that are able to process up to 1,005 pounds per hour per line. Two rocket motor saws cut the rocket motors into 8 to 10 segments. The segments are fed into one of two thermal treatment chambers where they are ignited and allowed to burn. There is one air pollution control system that pulls the exhaust gases from the chambers.

Residue from the burning processes are separated into ash and recyclable metals and stored on site in containers. EBV inspects all recyclable metals before sending to a recycling center. When a sufficient amount of ash is collected, it is shipped to a permitted hazardous waste landfill for disposal. In addition to the incinerators and Subpart X miscellaneous treatment units, EBV operates seven hazardous waste container storage areas, which include the following:

Hazardous Waste Permit Status

EBV is operating under two hazardous waste permits, one issued by the department and one issued by EPA, both effective Oct. 23, 2002. The permits were first issued July 18, 1991. The department reissued the Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit. EPA reissued the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments Part II Permit. These permits allow EBV to store hazardous waste in containers, miscellaneous treatment and treat explosive hazardous waste by incineration. The regulated units consisted of two incinerators, six hazardous waste container storage areas and Subpart X miscellaneous treatment units located in the Storage/Feed Handling Building and used to introduce waste into the incinerator. These permits also require corrective action in the event there is a release of hazardous waste or hazardous constituents to the environment.

On March 20, 2009, the department issued Part I Class 3 Permit Modifications to EBV allowing the facility to construct Building #1 and install eight Subpart X miscellaneous treatment units for treatment of demilitarized M42/M46/M77 submunitions from Class 1.1 D military munitions. On Aug. 20, 2009, the department issued Part I Class 3 Permit Modifications to EBV allowing the facility to construct Building #3, one container storage unit (in Building #3) and install four Subpart X miscellaneous treatment units for storing and treating Class 1.3 D Multiple Launch Rocket System rocket motors. On Dec. 7, 2012, the department issued Part I Class 3 Permit Modifications to EBV allowing the facility to permanently include the wet scrubber and activated carbon feed system improvements to the Building #3 air pollution control system in their Part I Permit.

EBV submitted a permit application on Oct. 18, 2012, for renewal of their existing hazardous waste permits, which expired Oct. 23, 2012. State and federal regulations allow the existing hazardous waste permits to continue in effect until the department and EPA issue or deny new hazardous waste permits. The department determined the permit application was complete on Nov. 27, 2012. The department is conducting a technical review of the permit application.