Hazardous Waste Program
Types of Permits and Certifications
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If you have any questions, or would like to apply for any permits or certifications listed below, please contact the Permits Section at 573-751-3553 or 800-361-4827.
Emergency permits are temporary permits issued in the event that a situation presents an immediate and significant threat to human health or the environment. The department may issue an emergency permit to a facility that already has a hazardous waste permit, allow for treatment, storage or disposal of a hazardous waste not covered by their effective permit. The department may also issue an emergency permit to non-permitted facilities to allow for treatment, storage or disposal of hazardous waste. The emergency permit clearly specifies the hazardous wastes the facility may receive and the manner and location of their treatment, storage or disposal.
For more information on emergency permits, please review Federal Code of Regulations 40 CFR 270.61 or contact the Permits Section. An emergency permit is good for up to 90 days.
Facility owners and operators that want to actively treat, store (for more than 90 days) or dispose of hazardous waste in Missouri must get a hazardous waste permit. A hazardous waste permit is a legally binding enforceable document that lists how and what kind of hazardous waste the facility can handle. The permit outlines the facility design and operation, safety standards and activities the facility must perform, such as monitoring and reporting. It also lists the facility's closure, corrective action and financial assurance requirements. The permit also lists requirements for long-term monitoring and maintenance activities, or post-closure care, for areas of the facility where hazardous waste or hazardous constituents will remain in place after closure is finished, such as landfills or surface impoundments.
A complete hazardous waste permit is actually two separate permits. The Missouri Department of Natural Resources issues a permit called a Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency issues the second permit, called the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - Part II Authorization Under the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984. The Part I Permit contains federal requirements that EPA authorized Missouri to administer and additional state requirements. EPA deemed that these Missouri requirements are at least as stringent and are equivalent and consistent with the federally administered Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, or RCRA, program. The Part II Permit contains certain federal requirements administered by EPA because Missouri has not adopted or is not yet authorized to do so. Under certain circumstances, both permits may contain the same conditions.
To apply for a hazardous waste permit, the facility owner or operator submits one two-part permit application for both permits to both the department and EPA. Part A of the application includes two forms that contain general information about the facility: 1) Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Application Form and 2) EPA RCRA Hazardous Waste Part A Permit Application -- EPA 8700-23 . Part B is often a very detailed, highly technical document consisting of hundreds or thousands of pages that includes the applicable facility-specific information listed in the completeness checklist . The department and EPA must carefully review every detail of the information submitted by the facility. As a result, adequate review of an application may take years. For more information on the hazardous waste permitting process, you can review our fact sheet Getting Involved in the Hazardous Waste Permitting Process -- PUB916 .
If approved by both the department and EPA, the two permits are normally issued together and are good for up to 10 years. The length of the permit is limited to ensure that the facility's activities are periodically reviewed. The permitting agency is responsible for monitoring the facility to ensure that it follows the conditions in the permit. A hazardous waste permit may be renewed, with department and EPA approval, for as long as the facility is in operation.
Facility owners and operators that want to commercially treat, store or dispose of Polychlorinated Biphenyls, or PCB's, and PCB items in Missouri must get a PCB Facility Permit. According to 40 CFR Part 761 , the facility must also get a separate Toxic Substance Control Act, or TSCA, approval from EPA. PCB Facility Permits list similar requirements to what is found in a hazardous waste permit.
To apply for a PCB Facility Permit, the facility owner or operator submits a Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) Facility Application -- MO 780-1897 and a very detailed, highly technical document consisting of hundreds or thousands of pages that includes the applicable facility-specific information listed in the PCB Facility Application. The department and EPA must carefully review every detail of the information submitted by the facility. As a result, adequate review of an application may take years. PCB Facility Permits are good for up to 10 years and may be renewed, with approval from the department, for as long as the facility is in operation.
A Remedial Action Plan, or RAP, is a special hazardous waste permit a facility owner or operator may get instead of a traditional hazardous waste permit to treat, store or dispose of hazardous remediation waste at a remediation waste management site in Missouri. Hazardous remediation waste is waste produced by a hazardous waste cleanup activity and contains contaminated soil, water or debris. A RAP may be a stand-alone document or may be part of another document, such as a remedy decision document used in the cleanup process.
For more information on applying for and using RAPs, please review Federal Code of Regulations 40 CFR Part 270 Subpart H or contact the Permits Section. RAPs are good for up to 10 years and may be renewed, with department approval, for as long as the activity continues.
A Research, Development and Demonstration, or RD&D, Permit is a special permit that may be issued to owners and operators of hazardous waste treatment facilities that want to use new and experimental treatment technologies for which no regulation standards exist. The permit outlines the facility design and operation, safety standards, and closure, corrective action and financial assurance requirements. The permit also lists the type and amounts of hazardous waste that the department believes is necessary to determine the effectiveness of the technology or process and its effects on human health and the environment.
For more information on RD&D Permits, please review Federal Code of Regulations 40 CFR 270.65 or contact the Permits Section. RD&D Permits are good for up to one year and may be renewed, with department approval, up to three times. Each renewal cannot exceeding one year.
Facility owners and operators that want to recycle hazardous waste in Missouri are required to get a resource recovery certificate. Hazardous waste recycling includes reclaiming or reusing hazardous waste or transforming hazardous waste into new products that are no longer hazardous waste. For general information on resource recovery, please review our fact sheet Hazardous Waste in Missouri -- PUB919 .
A resource recovery certificate is a type of formal approval resembling a permit. Resource recovery certification is not required by federal law. Missouri requires resource recovery facilities to meet certain financial assurance and operational standards beyond federal law, as outlined in the Code of State Regulations 10 CSR 25-9.020 . For a summary of the resource recovery regulations, please review our fact sheet Hazardous Waste Resource Recovery -- PUB2091 .
To apply for a resource recovery certificate, the facility owner or operator submits a Hazardous Waste Resource Recovery Facility Application -- MO 780-1163 and the information listed in the application Instructions -- PUB2241 to the department. If approved by the department, the certificate is good for up to two years and may be renewed, with department approval, for as long as the facility is in operation.
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