HAZARDOUS WASTE TRANSFER FACILITY GUIDANCE

Hazardous Waste Program fact sheet
07/2014
Division of Environmental Quality Director: Leanne Tippett Mosby
PUB2278

The Missouri Department of Natural Resources’ Hazardous Waste Program wrote this fact sheet for transporters of hazardous waste who operate a hazardous waste transfer facility. This fact sheet is a summary of the Code of Federal Regulations found at 40 CFR 263.12 and the Hazardous Waste Management Regulations found at 10 CSR 25-6.263(2)(A)10. For an inspection checklist that you may use to self-audit your operations, see http://www.dnr.mo.gov/forms/780-2107-f.pdf  This checklist includes requirements for licensed hazardous waste transporters and shipping hazardous wastes that are not included in this fact sheet. 

For more information about used oil transportation and transfer facilities see the Used Oil Transporter fact sheet http://dnr.mo.gov/pubs/pub132.htm. For more information on Solid Waste transfer facilities see the Missouri Solid Waste Transfer Stations fact sheet http://dnr.mo.gov/pubs/pub2152.htm.

This fact sheet should not be used in place of state and federal laws and regulations.

What is a transfer facility?
A transfer facility is any transportation-related facility where loads of hazardous waste are held during the normal course of shipping. A transfer facility can be any of the following:

Hazardous waste shipped within or into Missouri must reach its destination or leave the state within 10 calendar days. For this reason, transfer facilities can be used for short-term storage between hazardous waste transporters and loads. One transporter can leave waste for another transporter to pick up. A transporter may also combine several small loads into one large load for long distance shipping. However, the contents of separate containers of hazardous waste cannot be combined at a transfer facility.

Why is this important to know?
According to state hazardous waste transportation regulations, the transfer facility operator must have a valid Hazardous Waste Transporter License. Only a licensed hazardous waste transporter may operate a transfer facility in Missouri. For more information, contact the Missouri Department of Transportation or MoDOT, at 866-831-6277, at their website http://www.modot.org/mcs/Hazardous/index.htm  or the Missouri Department of Natural Resources’ Hazardous Waste Program at 573-751-2032.

What if my hazardous waste shipping business has a transfer facility?
You should include your transfer facility in your hazardous waste management practices.
The following are required for your hazardous waste transfer facility:

Note: Used oil transfer facilities are regulated under 10 CSR 25-11.279.

General requirements - Assure that you have registered with the state and have obtained a twelve-digit Environmental Protection Agency identification number and that you have a valid Missouri hazardous waste transporter license. 

Before transport - Before transporting or offering hazardous waste for transportation off-site, package the waste in accordance with applicable U.S. Department of Transportation regulations on packaging under 49 CFR parts 173, 178 and 179.

The contents of separate containers of hazardous waste may not be combined at a transfer facility. If containers are over packed, the label must be identical to the label on the original shipping container.

Hazardous waste storage for containers -  Have a secondary containment system that is designed, maintained and operated as follows:

For ignitable, reactive, incompatible or volatile wastes at a transfer facility, the transporter must:

Required equipment – The transfer facility must have the following equipment, unless one of the hazards posed by the waste handled at the facility requires a particular kind of equipment listed below:

Storage and Transportation Time Limits and Conditions –

A transfer facility shall not be the same facility as designated in item 9 of the manifest.

Closure Requirements for Transfer Facilities
At closure of the storage area, a transporter must remove and properly dispose of all hazardous waste and hazardous residues. Closure must occur when the storage of hazardous wastes has not occurred or is not expected to occur for one (1) year or when the transporter’s license lapses, whichever first occurs.

What should I do to protect air quality while operating my transfer facility?
Transfer facilities can affect air quality in several ways. Odor and dust emissions from these facilities concern those living in nearby communities. Every transfer facility has neighbors, whether they are industrial, commercial, residential or vacant land. All operations should take the protection of surrounding air quality into consideration.

Transfer facilities should employ a combination of planning, design and operating practices to help minimize impacts on the surrounding community. Listed below are several engineering designs and operating practices that transfer facilities should consider employing to mitigate facility impacts on air quality.

Odor Prevention

Preventing Dust and Air Emissions
Air emissions at transfer facilities result from dusty wastes delivered to the transfer facility, exhaust (particularly diesel) from mobile equipment such as trucks and loaders, driving on unpaved or dusty surfaces and cleanup operations such as street sweeping. As with odor control, proper design and operating procedures help minimize air emissions, including:

What should I do when I close my transfer facility?
When you close your transfer facility you must remove and correctly dispose all hazardous waste and residues. You must close your transfer facility if hazardous waste has not been transferred or is not expected to be transferred at that location for one year or when your hazardous waste transporter license lapses, whichever happens first.

How to Obtain Copies of Hazardous Waste Laws and Regulations

For More Information
Missouri Department of Natural Resources
Hazardous Waste Program
Compliance and Enforcement Section
P.O. Box 176
Jefferson City, MO 65102-0176
800-361-4827 or 573-751-2032
www.dnr.mo.gov/env/hwp/enf/index.html


Missouri Department of Natural Resources
Air Pollution Control Program
P.O. Box 176
Jefferson City, MO 65102-0176
800-361-4827 or 573-751-4817 office
573-751-2706 fax
www.dnr.mo.gov/env/apcp/index