Hazardous Waste Program
Federal Facilities Section
Department of Energy Sites
The Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) Kansas City Plant (KCP) was part of the Bannister Federal Complex (BFC) and is located 13 miles south of downtown Kansas City. The KCP closed on Aug. 31, 2014. The facility is located at the intersection of Bannister Road (95th Street) and Troost Avenue on 136 acres. The Department of Energy shared the facility with the General Services Administration, which leases to other federal agencies. The KCP was a government-owned facility operated by Honeywell FM&T. The KCP produced and procured non-nuclear parts for nuclear weapons, including electrical, electronic, electromechanical, mechanical, plastic and non-fissionable metal components. Production has now moved to the National Security Center (NSC) in Kansas City, 12 miles south of the KCP which was dedicated in August 2014.
DOE/NNSA’s predecessor began operations at the KCP in 1949. Prior to 1949, the Department of Defense used the plant as an airplane engine production facility. On-site releases of hazardous materials have resulted in contaminated soil and groundwater. Releases from an underground tank farm, a trichloroethylene reclamation facility, a plating building and other industrial practices have resulted in large soil and groundwater plumes containing solvents, polychlorinated biphenyls and petroleum products. Although DOE/NNSA has moved, their cleanup responsibilities at the former KCP have not changed. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Part I Permit for the KCP was recently expanded to cover the entire BFC. DOE/NNSA is currently working to transfer the property to a private owner for redevelopment. Any transfer agreement will include transfer of the permit and a Finding of Suitability for Early Transfer (FOSET) signed by the governor.
The Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project (now the Weldon Spring Site) consisted of two distinct locations, the chemical plant area and the quarry. The active remediation of the Weldon Spring Site was conducted under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) and as part of the Department of Energy Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Program. This site contained chemical and radiological contaminants in various media originating from previous operations at the site.
The chemical plant area is located approximately two miles southwest of U.S. Route 40/61 on State Route 94. This 217-acre site has a history of explosives production, uranium feed materials plant and raffinate pit storage areas. Remediation of this area included demolition of buildings, raffinate pit cleanup, placement of waste into an on-site engineered disposal cell and site restoration. Active remediation at the site has been completed and areas that still have contamination, such as the groundwater, are being monitored as part of the selected remedy for the site.
Remediation of the chemical plant included a 170-acre prairie restoration surrounding the disposal cell. An FFS section ecologist has conducted vegetation sampling and analysis to verify the success of the prairie restoration.
The quarry area is located approximately four miles southwest of the chemical plant. This nine-acre limestone quarry was once used as a limestone gravel supply for operations at the site. Remediation of the quarry included bulk waste removal, residual waste removal and complete restoration of the area.